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Glossary of Terms
Medium-Risk/High-Risk – Refers to the security of the Vesper Grow Pool strategies. Medium-risk strategies have less steps and fewer asset conversions. Additionally, medium-risk strategies only interact with audited and highly secure third party contracts. Alternatively, high-risk strategies are more complex in terms of the underlying contract calls and may interact with unaudited protocols, such as Yearn vaults. (There is no 'low-risk' designation because we believe that labeling anything as low-risk in crypto is disingenuous.)
Conservative/Aggressive – Refers to how prone a Vesper Pool strategy is to realizing losses due to partial liquidation. Conservative pools adhere to higher collateralization ratios than aggressive pools, and as such are better protected in the event that the pool's deposit asset sees a rapid loss in value (thus putting the outstanding loan underwater and in danger of liquidation).
Low Water/High Water – Vesper Pools that deposit assets to MakerDAO in order to withdraw DAI loans adhere to low-and-high water collateralization targets. If the ratio of collateral to the outstanding DAI loan falls below "low water", the loan will be partially refunded to increase the ratio. If the ratio is above the high water benchmark, additional DAI will be taken out to shift the ratio below "high water".
Black Swan Event – Extenuating circumstance where a drastic "flash crash" in the price of an asset causes financial products interfacing with the asset to breakdown. In the world of cryptocurrency, this looks like a substantial crash in Ethereum, BTC, or other collateral asset that leads to mass liquidations. The danger is compounded with low scalability making it difficult or impossible for debtors to service their loans in order to avoid liquidation. Vesper's additional low/high water mechanism further insulates Grow Pools from the detriments of a potential Black Swan.
Rebalance-Collateral – Any user may trigger this operation to address pool-wide systemic risk and generate additional stablecoin yield. If collateral price falls below Low Water, this operation will prevent liquidation. If collateral price rises above High Water, this operation will generate additional DAI, which, in turn, generates more yield for the entire pool. Users have the incentive to use this to earn maximum yield and avoid liquidation.
Rebalance-Earned – Any user may trigger this operation to swap earned stablecoin interest for underlying collateral (e.g. DAI to ETH), and add the purchased collateral (e.g. ETH) to the total pool holdings. Users have the incentive to not call the operation, to maximize stablecoin deployed earning yield. Users have the incentive to call this operation prior to withdrawal, to maximize amount of collateral in pool, to maximize share of collateral withdrawn.
Rebalance – Every six hours, the vVSP operation chooses the largest-valued pool shares in its inventory, and liquidates that to VSP tokens. Example: 12.5 vETH tokens unwrap to 15.25 ETH, swapped to 18.9 VSP via Uniswap. The VSP tokens acquired during the rebalance operation are then split.
Developer's Fee – The 5% share of the fees taken by pools (as withdrawal fees and platform fees) that is allocated to the author of the strategy.
vVSP Pool – VSP holders deposit their tokens to the vVSP Pool in order to "stake" VSP. Revenue generated by Vesper products is used to buy-back VSP from the open market, where it is delivered to stakers as deposits to the vVSP Pool, where it is distributed to stakers in proportion to their tokens staked versus total pool size.
Treasury Box – Fees taken from Vesper products (pools or otherwise) are taken as tokenized shares. The treasury box converts these tokenized shares back to the underlying assets then swaps the assets for VSP on Uniswap, where 95% of it is given to stakers and 5% to strategy developers.
Reserves – 2,950,000 VSP of the 10,000,000 total supply is allocated to Vesper's DAO holdings. These reserves can be deployed only with the democratic approval of VSP holders. Reserves are designed to extend incentives to holding and liquidity pools beyond initial allocations and introduce incentives to new products as they are released.
Earning Rate – Earning Rate reflects two figures: the underlying yield accrued by pool assets as they are routed to other DeFi platforms per the pool strategy and the VSP "boost" assigned as part of VSP token distribution. The "spot" earning rate is calculated as last 24-hours performance annualized and compounded, while "average" reflects the past 30-days annualized and compounded.
vVSP Flow – The sum of VSP bought back over the past month and delivered to vVSP pool depositors.